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For skin prone to sunspots, hyperpigmentation and melasma, the summer season is the most risky in terms of spot increase.  

The sun, increasing environmental temperature and spending more time in open areas facilitate the increase of sunspots. 

Here are a few suggestions for those who have started spot treatments in the winter and want to protect the way they have covered, or for those who have not started spot treatment yet but want to prevent the increase of spots in the summer. 

GOLDEN RULES IN SUMMER SKIN CARE ROUTINE

  1. 1) Avoid the use of hydroquinone. Hydroquinone is a “tyrosinase inhibitor” that works by suppressing the enzyme that produces the pigment “melanin” that causes spots. The use of hydroquinone, which is one of the active ingredients that we frequently use in spot treatments, is very risky in summer.  The use of hydroquinone carries the risk of making your stain darker, and this risk is much higher in the summer. You can use tyrosinase inhibitors such as alpha arbutin, kojic acid and azelaic acid in summer.  
  2. 2) In summer, reduce acids such as AHA (alpha hydroxy acids) in your daily routine, avoid chemical peels, you can turn to enzymatic peels. 
  3. 3) In fact, signs of aging and sun damage are high in the skin with spots. It needs vitamins, aminoists and antioxidants to rebuild and repair the skin barrier. You can add vitamins and antioxidants such as Resveratrol, Ferulic acid, Vitamin C, Niacinamide to your skin routine. You can also benefit from mesotherapy consisting of hyaluronic acid and vitamins. 
  4. 4) Maintain your skin barrier and keep your skin moist. Dry skin is more prone to sun damage!
  5. 5) Prefer UV-protected hats and protective clothing.
  6. 6) Melasma can also be affected by increased body temperature during physical activities. For this reason, it will be useful to prevent the increase in temperature with a cool damp towel and occasional compression during exercise.
  7. 7) If possible, choose sunscreens with mineral filters and tinted (concealer) ingredients such as zinc oxide, titanium dioxide and iron oxide.
  8. 8) Blue light: Recently, high-energy blue light reflected from surfaces such as phones and computer screens has been blamed for signs of aging and the development of stains. Therefore, it may be beneficial to use sunscreens until bedtime.  
  9. 9) Q-Switch ND YAG lasers can support treatment in terms of tone balancing and stain suppression in summer. 

ACTIVE INGREDIENTS:

Alpha Arbutin: Derived from bearberry leaves, this herb has strong tyrosinase inhibitory properties.

Kojic Acid: This natural acid is very popular among those who want to brighten the blemished areas and  lighten the blemish. Obtained from Japanese mushrooms or as a byproduct during rice wine production,  it’s pretty cool 

Azeleic Acid:In addition to its anti-inflammatory effect, it suppresses the tyrosinase enzyme and reduces the formation of spots, supports melasma treatments. It can also be used in rosacea and acne disease. 

Resveratrol:Well known for its antioxidant properties, resveratrol is derived from grapes. Recent studies have shown that besides its antioxidant effects, it also reduces stain production. It is an important antiaging active ingredient for those struggling with melasma. 

Ferulic acid:It is an antioxidant molecule that has begun to be shown to prevent UV damage and reduce melanin production. Its formulations combined with vitamins C and E can be used in spot treatments. 

Vitamin C: Vitamin C, which has effects on reducing the formation of spots while preventing collagen loss and photoaging, is also a powerful antioxidant. It should be stored in airless and light-resistant containers, otherwise its formulations may deteriorate quickly and benefit cannot be seen. Problems such as stinging, burning, redness can be seen on sensitive skin. 

Niacinamide: It has been shown to help prevent stain formation by preventing the transport of melanin produced in melanocytes to keratinocyte cells. Although its stain-opening effects are not very strong on its own, it improves the skin barrier and is easily tolerated, while increasing the effectiveness of other active ingredients. 

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