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What is Melasma? Melasma is a skin condition that is frequently seen in women and presents as irregularly circumscribed dark spots on sun-exposed areas of the skin. Melasma is usually observed on the cheeks, nose, upper lip and forehead. According to the skin layer where the dark pigment that gives color to the skin is located, melasma is divided into superficial, deep or mixed types in which both are present. While superficial melasma can respond more quickly to treatment, treatment of deeply located melasma requires a lot of patience.Contact Us
Although the actual cause of melasma is unknown, it occurs as a result of the production of excessive amounts of melanin (the substance that gives color to the skin) by cells called melanocytes, which give color to the skin. Melasma is more common in individuals who have a genetic predisposition, who have a family history of melasma, who are exposed to intense sunlight, who have thyroid diseases after pregnancy, and who use hormone-containing drugs such as birth control pills. Studies have shown that the signs of aging of the skin are also increased in the skin areas where melasma is present. In other words, melasma can also be considered as an accelerated skin aging. Cosmetic products such as cosmetic products, some make-up materials, cologne, perfumes, soaps and moisturizers can also cause similar staining in people with a tendency, especially after contact with the sun.
At the beginning of melasma treatment, it should be well understood that the habit of sun protection should be maintained for a lifetime. Because ultraviolet, visible light and infrared wavelengths of sun rays can darken these spots. Protection from the sun is the cornerstone of treatment, both with sunscreen creams and by choosing shadows during times of intense sun exposure. Sunscreens should contain both UVA and UVB, both visible light and infrared protection. Melasma treatment is a long journey with your dermatologist. It is important for both the patient and the physician to be patient and not hasty and to avoid very aggressive behaviors. The stain may reappear, especially in the summer months, noticing that the spots have started to appear should not lead to despair, treatment and protective measures should be continued with patience. We would like to emphasize again and again that the basis of treatment is sun protection. In addition, your doctor may determine a treatment protocol with one or more of the stain creams, oral medications, chemical peels, enzymatic peels, depigmentation mesotherapy, laser treatments suitable for your skin and stain.
Before the spot treatment, the patient should be examined by a dermatologist. The method or methods to be preferred in the treatment, the frequency of application and the number of sessions are determined individually after the examination. You can contact us to make an examination appointment and to consult your questions.